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Elbow Pain

Bob and Brad address a number of elbow pain related issues in the following videos. 

 

Videos listed above include: Aircast Tennis Elbow support review, Iontophoresis: for tennis elbow or golfers elbow, Tennis elbow exercise, An effective self-treatment for Tennis elbow by Physical Therapy

 To gain further understanding of how this joint works, what makes up this joint or some of the ways you can injury this joint, read on:

  The elbow is the joint where three long bones meet in the middle portion of the arm. The bone of the upper arm (humerus) meets the inner bone of the forearm (ulna) and the outer bone of the forearm (radius) to form a hinge joint. The radius and ulna also meet in the elbow to allow for rotation of the forearm. 
 
  The elbow functions to move the arm like a hinge (forward and backward) and in rotation (twisting outward and inward). The biceps muscle is the major muscle that flexes triceps muscle is the major muscle that extends the elbow hinge. The outer bone of the elbow is referred to as the lateral epicondyle and is a part of the humerus bone. Tendons are attached to this area which can be injured, causing inflammation or tendonitis (lateral epicondylitis, or "tennis elbow"). The inner portion of the elbow is a from the muscles attach here and can be injured, causing medial epicondylitis, "golfer's elbow." A fluid-filled sac (bursa), which
serves to reduce friction, overlies the tip of the elbow (olecranon bursa).
 
 
  The elbow can be affected by inflammation of the tendons or the bursae (plural for bursa) or conditions that affect the bones and joints, such as fractures, arthritis, or nerve irritation. Joint pain in the elbow can result from injury or disease involving any of these structures. 
 

So what is this pain in my elbow?

 
Tennis elbow is soreness or pain on the outside (lateral) side of the upper arm near the elbow. 
  
Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) that lies between a tendon and skin, or between a tendon and bone. The condition may be acute or chronic.  
 
Golfer's elbow , or   medial epicondylitis , is an inflammatory condition of the medial epicondyle  of the elbow . It is in some ways similar to tennis elbow . 
 
Tendonitis is inflammation, irritation, and swelling of a tendon, which is the fibrous structure that joins muscle to bone. In many cases, tendonitis (tendon degeneration) is also present. 
 
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. A joint is the area where two bones meet. There are over 100 different types of arthritis. 
 
The most common type of elbow pain is known as 'tennis elbow'. Overuse of the elbow joint causes small tears to form in the soft tissue, particularly where the tendon anchors to bone. These injuries can occur as a result of a variety of sports and occupations. 
 
 
Treatment for elbow pain 

If the symptoms don’t improve, or if you are prone to recurring bouts of elbow pain, see your doctor or physical therapist. Treatment options may include:
 
 
Exercises prescribed by your physical therapist to gradually strengthen the tendons 
Soft tissue massage 
Ice massage 
Acupuncture 
Taping or bracing your elbow. 
Anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving medication can help you cope with the pain, but do not improve long-term outcomes. 
Surgery - in severe cases, and if pain has not resolved within 12 months.